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The name "ruby" is derived from the Latin word "rubeus," meaning "red." Ruby is actually a red sapphire, yet because of its rarity and beauty, ancient Greeks called it the mother of all gemstones. Romans believed that the ruby combines Eros, sensual love, and Agape, spiritual love, and is therefore divine love in crystallized form. In Asian cultures, rubies are said to be the tears of Buddha. In Burma, legend tells that all rubies came from an egg laid by the dragon Naga. Rubies are said to contain helpful spirits or angels, thus in the Middle Ages it was used as a protective stone against the plague. If the color became darker, the wearer fled to another place to protect themself against infection. Catherine of Aragon is said to have been forewarned, by the darkening of her ruby ring, of her dismissal by King Henry VIII.

Ruby assists in strengthening the body's immune system against infectious diseases, aids the heart, improves circulation, and combats low blood pressure. It promotes sexual energy when worn near the base chakra. Ruby is also known as a good luck stone of love.

Astrologically, ruby is associated with Leo, Cancer, Aries, and Sagittarius.

Sapphire
Sapphire
Sapphire
Sapphire